Scientific and Technological Journal “Sustainable Agriculture”
INTRODUCTION OF AUTOMATED LOCAL ACCOUNTING SYSTEM MODELBUILDER A.N. Inamov - аssociate professor, O.S. Abdisamatov - independent researcher Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers
In the world computer industry, previously developed programs are being improved, and in our country, along with the developed countries of the world, there is a gradual transition to work on the basis of modern programs. ArcGIS software products based on the latest computer technologies meet all open standards, which allows them to be used in many practical areas and at different levels of work organization (individual, server and mobile). Key words. Modelbuilder, ArcGIS software, Data base.
FOOD SECURITY RISKS AND THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC IN THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN. M.R. Li, A. Etenesh, I. Rudenko, F. Saydullaeva
The article substantiates the importance of research on food security risks. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on this issue is considered, the level of food security of the urban population during the pandemic is analyzed. The existing risks that form food security threats are identified and proposals for their elimination are developed. Key words: risks, food security, COVID-19, threats, proposals, agro-industrial complex.
THE PATTERNS AND EXTENT OF CROP DIVERSIFICATION: EVIDENCE FROM DIFFERENT AGRO-ECOLOGICAL REGIONS OF UZBEKISTAN. A.E. Primov - PhD student, Tashkent State Agrarian University
In Uzbekistan, land is more appropriate for cultivating fruits and vegetables. Since independence, the government of Uzbekistan has implemented a number of agricultural policies such as making some crucial structural reforms at the farms, comprising different institutions and enhancing diversification of agricultural production in order to stabilize on agricultural sector of the country. Therefore, crop diversity has an important role in sustainable agriculture. The main objective of the study is to analyze the degree and extent of crop diversification among farmers. We calculated the diversification index based on the Simpson Diversity Index method. The study revealed the mean computed Simpson Index values indicate that diversity index was found 0.59, 0.45, 0.56 and 0.62 for Andijan, Karakalpakstan, Kashkadarya and Tashkent regions, respectively. This implies that Tashkent region farmers shifted towards more diversification cropping patterns than other counterparts of the country. The overall result in the four states combined in this study reveals a mean Simpson Index within the sample of farmers was 0.56. This suggests that the farmers in the study areas were not too diversified in their cropping pattern. While cultivating several crop species also helps the farmers to manage both price and production risks which attains more food options for the household and income through marketing the produce from the surpluses. Key words: Crop diversification, Simpson Diversification Index, Cropping patterns, Uzbekistan.
MAIN DIRECTIONS FOR DEVELOPING FOOD SECURITY. Sh.M. Murodov - PhD at the department of Economics Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers
Socio-economic and political processes and realities taking place in the world that pose a threat to it are the main factors that threaten food security in countries. This is reflected in the emergence of global economic, financial, agrarian crises, a reduction in international food markets and an increase in prices for them, on the one hand, and in the persistence of a trend towards a decrease in acreage of agricultural crops in the context of an increase in the world population and an intensification of the urbanization process, on the other. An increase in the production of dangerous products as a result of the widespread use of various antibiotics, hormones and similar components harmful to human health in the process of food production in order to generate high incomes on the world market in the context of global warming, globalization of the economy, the spread of plant pests and various dangerous viruses still further aggravates the problem. Key words: agrarian policy, agro-industrial complex, agrarian food sector, food security doctrine, food, food security, forecast, population, supply directions, agricultural products, strategy.
OPPORTUNITIES FOR PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS IN THE FIELD OF AQUACULTURE G.D. Dusmuratov - c.e.s., associate professor, I.O. Yunusov - PhD, associate professor Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers
The problems and solutions of the introduction of public-private partnership (PPP) mechanisms in the aquaculture sector are considered. Based on the analyzed experience of foreign countries and Russia, it was concluded that it is necessary to create a fishery cluster for the implementation of PPP projects by joint efforts. In addition, recommendations for the most effective implementation of PPP mechanisms were given. Key words: public-private partnership, aquaculture, small business, fishery complex, large enterprises, regional cluster.