Scientific and Technological Journal “Sustainable Agriculture”
MEASURING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION DIVERSITY WITH THE REFERENCE SAMARKAND REGION
F.J. Saydullaeva, Ph.D. student “Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers” National Research University Abstract: This investigation is examined agricultural production diversification in a given period and space by a single quantitative indicator. For the analyses conducted the survey in the Samarkand region, which areas produced the major agricultural products. The results indicated that crop diversification was high at a value of 0.76 measured by Herfindahl Hirschman index in Samarkand region. The level of livestock diversification is determined very low at value of 0.15. Government support for livestock diversification will serve to increase rural households’ income and increase the consumption and production of high-calorie products. Keywords: Crop diversification, Livestock diversification, Herfindahl Hirschman Index, Household, Samarkand region.
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF WALNUT PRODUCTION ON THE BASIS OF INNOVATIVE-CLUSTER APPROACH
U.Sangirova – Associate professor, I.Yunusov – PhD, TIIAME National Research University Abstract: The sustainable development of walnut growing is substantiated on the basis of a cluster approach, regional and sectoral partnership of walnut growing enterprises, food industry, scientific institutions, united by the program of innovative cluster development of the agro-industrial complex of the region. A set of program measures for the development of walnut growing for the period 2019-2021 is proposed for implementation at the regional level. as an innovative project. Keywords: innovative cluster, walnut growing, walnut clusters, food industry, scientific institutions, climatic conditions, environmentally friendly products.
THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL ASPECTS OF THE DIGITAL ECONOMY
Sh.Mirzaev - Associate professor, "TIIAME" National Research University Abstract: The article defines the theoretical foundations of the concept of digitalization of the economy and practical aspects of digitalization for the development of water management. It is shown that Uzbekistan has significant scientific and resource potential for the development of the digital economy, including modern water and agriculture. The purpose of the study is to analyze current trends and prospects for the development of the digital economy in agriculture and water management, as well as to justify the introduction of digital technologies in agribusiness and water management in the Republic of Uzbekistan. Keywords: digitalization, agro-industrial complex, agriculture, neural network technologies, artificial intelligence, innovative development, digital transformation, information and communication technologies.
CIRCUMSTANCES NECESSITATING THE DEVELOPMENT OF PASTURE ANIMAL HUSBANDRY
M.M.Yakhyaev – PhD student, “Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers” National Research University Abstract: In this article, the development of cattle breeding in our country goes into a deep history. This, in turn, gave a positive result in the development of animal husbandry culture, experience, science, and in the first years of independence, special attention was paid to animal husbandry. Keywords: Pasture, livestock, degradation, astrakhan fur, meat, breeding, wool, soil composition, temperature, vegetation composition and type of pasture, etc.
WAYS OF DEVELOPING A SYSTEM FOR DELIVERING PRODUCTS TO CONSUMERS IN INTENSIVE HORTICULTURE
О.B.Sattorov – PhD, “TIIAME” National Research University Abstract: Horticulture is one of the main spheres of agriculture. Fruits are widely used in a number of branches, such as: medical treatment, public health prevention (prophylaxis) and mainly in food production. But, only horticulture sphere cannot satisfy whole demand of people in fruit and vegetables. Keywords: intensive gardening, efficiency, productivity, specialization, profitability