Scientific and Technological Journal “Sustainable Agriculture”
VERTICAL AGRICULTURE AS AN INNOVATIVE WAY OF THE URBAN ECOARCHITECTURE DEVELOPMENT U. Sangirova - PhD in Economics, Associated professor R. Isakuzieva - student Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers
The current state of agricultural production is experiencing the impact of globalization, increased competition, suffers from limited resources, so the innovative nature of its reproduction process is an important condition for ensuring its stability and sustainable development at this stage. The disproportion between the growing population of the planet and the biosphere’s opportunities, which in the near future will lead to a shortage of agricultural land, is a prerequisite for the development of vertical agriculture. This concept is aimed at providing the population with food, and some industries with raw materials, using new technological and architectural solutions of using vertical surfaces. The logic of vertical farming is simple: produce more food in smaller areas. This article describes examples of the implementation of vertical farms’ projects around the world, where they are an integral part of the modern urban economy of the XXI century. Key words: the problem of hunger; urbanization; innovative technologies; effective production of food; distinctive feature of vertical farms; green esthetics.
TRENDS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF PRIVATE FARMS IN INTENSIVE GARDENING. G.S. Zakirova - Lecture, O.B. Sattorov - Lecture, A. Tulaboev - PhD Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers
In this article trends and changes of development of a savdovodstvo and intensive gardening in the region and in the country in general are considered. Are submitted the analysis of the current state of the areas of gardening and their change. The recommendations of an irpedlozheniye about improvement of gardening in the Kashkadarya region and the republic are given. In our country in the conditions of liberalization of economy large-scale reforms in the field of intensive gardening and wine growing are undertaken. Even before creation of farms in the sector of fruit and vegetables the most part of fruit (78.1%) was grown up by Dehkan farms and farms. In particular, in 2016 60.6% of total area of gardens 33.9% - to Dehkan farms were transferred to farms, the others belonged to other agricultural enterprises. Besides, 45.7% of all fruit which are grown up in 2015 are grown up on farms and 52.2% on Dehkan farms. If to draw a close attention to these figures, that is for 33.9% of Dehkan farms with the land plots, 52.2% of a harvest of fruit show high efficiency of Dehkan farms. Development of intensive gardening demands use of features in the industry. Key words: Gross revenue, intensive, farm, construction, productivity.
ISSUES OF INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGY INTO TEACHING AND LEARNING PROCESS. Z.K. Ismailova, S.N. Utkina, A.K.Tulabaev, D.O.Ximmataliev
Issues of integrating technology into teaching and learning process has become a perennial one. Common excuses for the limited use of technology to support instruction include shortage of computers, lack of computer skill and computer intimidation. While these could affect the success of technology integration, it should be acknowledged that the degree of success teachers have in using technology for instruction could depend in part on their ability to explore the relationship between pedagogy and technology. The article shows that technology integration is narrowly perceived and that such a perception might hinder teachers’ understanding of the scope of technology in education. Technology integration should be considered along with issues involved in teaching and learning. Such issues include developing learning objectives, selecting methods of instruction, feedback, and evaluation and assessment strategies including follow-up activities. Technology used for teaching and learning should be considered an integral part of instruction and not as an object exclusive to itself. Viewing technology integration from a wide perspective will provide teachers with the necessary foundation to implement technology into the classroom more successfully. Key words: integration, technology, education, training, pedagogy, pedagogical process, training, teaching, methods, problem, software, computer science, pedagogical skills.
PRACTICE OF TRAINING DISCIPLINE "METHODOLOGY OF PROFESSIONAL TRAINING" IN THE UNIVERSITIES OF THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN. Z.K.Ismoilova, E.M. Dorozhkin, P.M.Mahsudov, S.N.Utkina
Expansion of a field of professional activity, change in the professional qualification structure of the staff suggests revising the conceptual basis of professional and pedagogical education. The article presents materials on the history of the development of vocational education teachers in Uzbekistan. The end of the 50s and the beginning of the 60s of the 20th century are considered to be the years of development of the system of training engineering teachers in the Republic of Uzbekistan. These are the features of training and methodological activities of vocational education teachers. For a modern teacher of vocational education, it’s not so much the fact of possessing the sum of professional knowledge and skills, but the ability to realize (transfer) this amount of knowledge to students. The formation of such an ability in universities is carried out in the process of preparing the future teacher of vocational training for methodical activities. While improving the training of teachers for secondary specialized educational institutions, it was possible to use the long-term experience of preparing teachers of labor education for secondary schools. However, between the preparation of teachers for the general educational system and between the preparation of teachers for secondary specialized educational institutions, there are some peculiarities. In the structure of pedagogical knowledge, “The methodology of vocational training” has its own special status. The current state of studying the discipline “Methods of vocational training” in the areas of vocational education of universities of the Republic is analyzed in detail and recommendations are given to improve its effectiveness based on the experience of leading universities in Russia. Key words: engineer-teacher, vocational school, technical school, teacher of vocational education, methodology of vocational training, vocational education, college, methodical training.
SOME MECHANISMS OF ACTION IN THE ELECTRICAL STIMULATION OF SEEDS. А. Yusubaliyev - Professor, Department of Power Supply Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers
This paper provides information about research results of energy, information and biochemical processes taking place in the seeds of agricultural crops under the influence of an external electric field in order to increase their biological activity and productivity of the plants. It was found that the stimulation of biological activity of seeds taking place because of increasing the conductivity of ions through energized membranes by increasing their biopotentials, in the decondensation of chromatin of nuclear cells under the action of trigger-effectors, activating the synthesis of enzymes, DNA and RNA, which lead to increased metabolism and the flow of nutrients into the embryo of the future plant. It is shown that the treatment dose should be validated taking into account reproduction, selection nature, genotype, moisture and physiological state of seeds for a specific environmental zoning. Key words: Seeds, electric field, exposure dose, mechanism, stimulation, bioactivity, enhancement, energy, information, biopotential, biochemistry, metabolism.