Scientific and Technological Journal “Sustainable Agriculture”
THE USE OF ELECTRICAL METHODS FOR GROWING SWEET PEPPER SEEDLINGS T.M. Bayzakov, Sh.Yusupov, Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers F.F. Rasulov, B.A. Karimov, Scientific Research Institute of Vegetables, Melons and Potat
With the development of new innovative technologies, it is necessary to study the operating conditions of energy sources that can be used by consumers, their period of operation, the structure of which is in-depth. Extensive measures are being taken to reduce labor and energy consumption in agricultural production, save resources, grow crops on the basis of advanced technologies and develop high-efficiency environmentally friendly electrical devices. This article describes the role of greenhouses in the cultivation of agricultural products and the use of electrical methods to increase the productivity of their products, the components of electrical equipment and power sources involved in the process and the principles of their operation. Key words: Sweet pepper seedlings, lighting fixtures, quartz lamps, ultraviolet rays, Phyto lamps, greenhouse, land, food.
DEVELOPMENT OF AN AUTOMATED SYSTEM FOR MONITORING THE CURRENT STATE OF GROUNDWATER Sh.R. Ubaydullaeva – c.t.s., associate professor, A.M. Nigmatov - assistant Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers
The article discusses the issues of control, accounting for the rational use of groundwater and methods for measuring the water level in the well. It is proposed to measure the water level using radio waves. This method can be used in difficult conditions, in particular at high pressure, at high temperatures without direct contact with the measured object. The problems of monitoring the groundwater level and analyzing the state of measurement are considered. Recommendations are given on instrumentation for level control, the creation and implementation of an automated observation system and an integrated analysis system using a remote data transmission module via GSM. A program for monitoring the water level in a well has been developed on the Arduino platform. A functional and structural diagram of an automated system for monitoring the state of groundwater has been developed and technical means of automation have been selected. The selected radio module type MX-RM-5V (433MNz), which transmits information in real time. Certificate (patent) No. DGU 117 24 dated May 19, 2021 was received for the development of the software "Groundwater level measurement method" Key words: groundwater monitoring, radar level gauge, data transmission via GSM, spectral analysis.
DEVELOPMENT OF INTENSIVE FISH FARMING IN CONDITIONS OF FOOD SECURITY I.O. Yunusov – PhD, associate professor Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers
This article gives information about organizational and economic supports by the state for the development of fish farming. Moreover, proposals to improve the economic and organizational base for the development of intensive fish farming and mechanisms for its implementation were proposed. As well as, to create consulting centers separately for the regions was recommended in this paper.
WAYS TO INCREASE THE EFFICIENT USE OF LABOR RESOURCES IN WATER SECTOR A.Maksumkhanova - associate professor, N.Kasimova - Master's graduate Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers
This article discusses the mechanisms for improving the efficiency of the use of labor resources, ensuring their employment on the basis of improving the use of labor resources, increasing efficiency, based on the structural changes in the water system in the context of economic liberalization.
IMPORTANCE OF KARAKUL PRODUCTION IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF LIVESTOCK OF THE COUNTRY M.M.Yakhyaev - PhD student Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers
This article prepares proposals for the development of the livestock sector, analyzes the composition of pastures, as well as the role and effectiveness of the Karakul industry in pasture animal husbandry.