Scientific and Technological Journal “Sustainable Agriculture”
THE POTENTIAL OF UZBEKISTAN’S AGRICULTURE IN OVERCOMING POVERTY. M. Saidova - c.e.s, Associate Professor Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers
Ensuring the security of the economy of any state is closely interconnected with solving the problems of the social sphere. As a rule, social problems around the world tend to increase as the population and their needs grow. The indicators of poverty, hunger, and high mortality rates characterize the problem of weak social orientation of state policies and are included in the UN development program. The task of any state is to provide opportunities for its citizens and a decent life. In this regard, the problems of unemployment, the impossibility of providing pensioners and people with disabilities with means corresponding to the subsistence minimum, and, as a result, the problem of poverty, are especially acute. This article discusses the aspects of the socio-economic policy of Uzbekistan and develops the proposals for their improvement in rural areas. Key words: economics, sociology, labor, unemployment, poverty, state, politics, agriculture, living wage, standard of living.
EFFICIENCY OF VEGETABLE PRODUCTION IN VARIOUS TYPES OF GREENHOUSES UNDER THE CLIMATIC CONDITIONS OF UZBEKISTAN. S.Iskandarov - PhD, Associate Professor, Andijan branch of Tashkent State Agrarian University
Agricultural products grown in greenhouses, in particular, vegetables that are required to satisfy the food demand of the population, play a critical role in continuous supply of quality food and fresh vegetables to the country supply of the people residing in the country. During the Research 150 dekhan farms involved in greenhouse vegetable production in different regions of Uzbekistan were investigated and the efficiency of greenhouse vegetables grown in those farms was assessed. The investigations revealed that vegetable production in such types of greenhouses is directly linked with vegetable growing time, greenhouse system efficiency and implementation of innovative technology; however, despite the high vegetable growing costs the economic efficiency of vegetable production has increased. Key words: greenhouse, vegetable, economy, dekhans, farms, investment.
GOVERNMENT SUPPORT MECHANISMS FOR IMPROVING THE EFFICIENCY OF FISH FARMIMG IN UZBEKISTAN. I.Yunusov - PhD, Associate Professor at the Department of Economics Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers
Increasing the effectiveness of fish production in Agriculture is absolutely important in improvement of food providing of population. For that reason, indicators of increasing the effectiveness of fish production, importance of government support, economic incentives by the state for the food supply of fish farms and influenced factors for activities of fish enterprises are analyzed in the article. Key words: fish farming, efficiency of fish farms, production of fish products, government support to fish farms, economic incentives.
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PUMPKIN GROWTH TECHNOLOGY FOR PALOV KADU-268 VARIETY USING BIO STIMULANTS. M.R. Baratova, Sh. Kosimova, N. Hidirova
Improvement of product farming technology is a major factor in increasing the production volumes in agriculture to provide food for people around the world. The use of bio stimulant, as an unconventional organic fertilizer, under conditions of gray pasture soils has justified itself in terms of economic efficiency. The use of bio stimulant as an unconventional fertilizer in the soil cover makes it possible to increase the humus amount in soil structure. Key words: pumpkin, bio stimulant, productivity, economic efficiency, seed production, humus, organic fertilizer.
TAX ADMINISTRATION IS A GUARANTEE OF DEVELOPMENT OF TAX POLICY. U.Berdieva - senior lecturer, Tashkent Institute of Finance
This article discusses the issues of reforming the tax system, improving tax administration in the country, as well as provides conclusions and recommendations for improving tax administration. Key words: taxation, administration, reform, economics, development, strategy.