JOURNAL OF “IRRIGATION AND MELIORATION”
THE POTENTIAL OF UZBEKISTAN’S AGRICULTURE IN OVERCOMING POVERTY. M. Saidova - c.e.s, Associate Professor Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers
Ensuring the security of the economy of any state is closely interconnected with solving the problems of the social sphere. As a rule, social problems around the world tend to increase as the population and their needs grow. The indicators of poverty, hunger, and high mortality rates characterize the problem of weak social orientation of state policies and are included in the UN development program. The task of any state is to provide opportunities for its citizens and a decent life. In this regard, the problems of unemployment, the impossibility of providing pensioners and people with disabilities with means corresponding to the subsistence minimum, and, as a result, the problem of poverty, are especially acute. This article discusses the aspects of the socio-economic policy of Uzbekistan and develops the proposals for their improvement in rural areas. Key words: economics, sociology, labor, unemployment, poverty, state, politics, agriculture, living wage, standard of living.
EFFICIENCY OF VEGETABLE PRODUCTION IN VARIOUS TYPES OF GREENHOUSES UNDER THE CLIMATIC CONDITIONS OF UZBEKISTAN. S.Iskandarov - PhD, Associate Professor, Andijan branch of Tashkent State Agrarian University
Agricultural products grown in greenhouses, in particular, vegetables that are required to satisfy the food demand of the population, play a critical role in continuous supply of quality food and fresh vegetables to the country supply of the people residing in the country. During the Research 150 dekhan farms involved in greenhouse vegetable production in different regions of Uzbekistan were investigated and the efficiency of greenhouse vegetables grown in those farms was assessed. The investigations revealed that vegetable production in such types of greenhouses is directly linked with vegetable growing time, greenhouse system efficiency and implementation of innovative technology; however, despite the high vegetable growing costs the economic efficiency of vegetable production has increased. Key words: greenhouse, vegetable, economy, dekhans, farms, investment.
GOVERNMENT SUPPORT MECHANISMS FOR IMPROVING THE EFFICIENCY OF FISH FARMIMG IN UZBEKISTAN. I.Yunusov - PhD, Associate Professor at the Department of Economics Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers
Increasing the effectiveness of fish production in Agriculture is absolutely important in improvement of food providing of population. For that reason, indicators of increasing the effectiveness of fish production, importance of government support, economic incentives by the state for the food supply of fish farms and influenced factors for activities of fish enterprises are analyzed in the article. Key words: fish farming, efficiency of fish farms, production of fish products, government support to fish farms, economic incentives.
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PUMPKIN GROWTH TECHNOLOGY FOR PALOV KADU-268 VARIETY USING BIO STIMULANTS. M.R. Baratova, Sh. Kosimova, N. Hidirova
Improvement of product farming technology is a major factor in increasing the production volumes in agriculture to provide food for people around the world. The use of bio stimulant, as an unconventional organic fertilizer, under conditions of gray pasture soils has justified itself in terms of economic efficiency. The use of bio stimulant as an unconventional fertilizer in the soil cover makes it possible to increase the humus amount in soil structure. Key words: pumpkin, bio stimulant, productivity, economic efficiency, seed production, humus, organic fertilizer.
TAX ADMINISTRATION IS A GUARANTEE OF DEVELOPMENT OF TAX POLICY. U.Berdieva - senior lecturer, Tashkent Institute of Finance
This article discusses the issues of reforming the tax system, improving tax administration in the country, as well as provides conclusions and recommendations for improving tax administration. Key words: taxation, administration, reform, economics, development, strategy.
CALCULATION RESULTS FOR THE EVALUATION OF TOTAL ENERGY CAPACITY OF PRODUCTS PRODUCED BY THE COTTON CLEANING INDUSTRY. A.J.Isakov, B.K.Tukhtamishev, J.N.Tolipov
The article presents the results of scientific research estimating the total energy consumption of the ginning industry and this suggests that the development of a method and a quantitative assessment of the total specific energy consumption allows us to evaluate the energy efficiency of this production. As the first stage of the calculation, an analysis of energy consumption was performed for the following groups of their consumption: field work; production of mineral fertilizers used in cotton growing; water supply for cotton fields (pumping stations, vertical drains); preparation points and cotton processing enterprises. According to consumption groups, energy capacity is: field work 41%, mineral fertilizers 14% and irrigation 45%. The analysis of the obtained results shows that cotton production occupies a rather large place in the total energy consumption in the republic and its savings at each stage of agricultural work and in industrial processing can give significant results in increasing the efficiency of saving the country's fuel and energy resources. Key words: raw cotton, cotton fiber, production cycle, energy capacity, specific energy consumption.
ORGANIZATION OF WALNUT PRODUCTION BASED ON THE INDUSTRIAL METHOD IN UZBEKISTAN. U.Sangirova, B.Nosirov, B.Rakhmonova.
Large industrial walnut orchards in Uzbekistan can be created on a cooperative basis. An example of this approach is the experience of entrepreneurs who combine efforts to grow and use walnuts, acquiring 2 hectares of land for agricultural entrepreneurship. Procurement points will be able to form bulk batches of nuts, sell them on the domestic market or export them, acting in the form of service cooperatives. Key words: walnut production, cooperation, walnut trade, procurement points, efficiency.
HISTORICAL CHANGES OF AIR TEMPERATURE, PRECIPITATION, AND POTENTIAL IMPACT ON AGRICULTURE. F. Kattakulov, Z. Gafurov, A. Gafurov, D. Nazaraliev.
This paper synthesizes the model and observed data to see the changes of precipitation and air temperature in the history to provide potential adaptation recommendations for sustainable agricultural practices in the study area. Karshi steppe, a southern part of Uzbekistan is selected as study area due to water scarcity challenges and issues with agricultural production under climate change. This study analyzed datasets of Climatic Research Unit (CRU) which provides data as grids of month-by-month variation in climate from Jan. 1901 to Dec. 2019. This study conducted analysis of air temperature and precipitation over past 1964-2016 dividing into two time periods of 1964-1990 and 1990-2016 with the 26 years of time span in each and the result shows increase of air temperature by 0.8 °C in Karshi steppe. Key words: Air temperature, precipitation, climate change, sustainability.
THE STATUS OF LAND RESOURCES AND THEIR PROTECTION IN ZARAFSHAN REGION. J.Namozov - Assistant at the Department of Economics, Tashkent Institute оf Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers D.Kasimov - Researcher, Samarkand State University
The article discusses the status and use of land resources in Zarafshan region and the regional aspects of pollution. The level of soil pollution is clearly shown by region and by various indicators. In particular, each of the five tables presented in the article describes the state of land resources in the region by certain indicators. The state of fertilizer use, organic fertilizer use, land reclamation, and land contamination are illustrated at the regional level. The summary section provides practical suggestions for optimizing the use of land resources in the region. Key words: Zarafshan region, land resources, disturbed lands, irrigated land, land fund, soil fertility, saline.