JOURNAL OF “IRRIGATION AND MELIORATION”
VALUE CHAIN IN FRUIT AND VEGETABLES S.Eshmatov - PhD student in Economics Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers
TThe article provides a general description of the value chain and post-harvest management of fruit and vegetable products in Uzbekistan. Problems in the post-harvest stages of fruit and vegetables have been identified, key barriers to the value chain have been identified, and some analysis has been performed. Key words: post-harvest management, fruits, vegetables, value added, value chain, loss, export.
DEVELOPMENT OF INTENSIVE GARDENING ON THE FARMS O.Sattorov - assistant at the Department of Economics Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers
In this article trends and changes of development of intensive gardening in the region and in the country are considered. The analysis of the current state of the areas of gardening and their changes are submitted. The recommendations about improvement of gardening in the Kashkadarya region and in the Republic are given. In our country in the conditions of liberalization of economy large-scale reforms in the field of intensive gardening and wine growing are undertaken. Key words: intensive gardening, farms, households, construction, productivity.
FOREIGN EXPERIENCES ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF FISH-FARMING: IN CASE OF CROATIA I.Yunusov - PhD, Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers
This article analyzes the fishery development of Croatia, production indicators of fish products, and the strengths and weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT analysis) of fisheries and aquaculture. In this article, the main prospects and directions of strategic development of fish-farming in European countries are considered. It is shown that the main ways to improve environmental and economic efficiency should be: the development of public policy on rational use, conservation and protection of resource potential of inland water bodies, improvement of organizational and economic mechanisms and modernization of legal framework of fish catch; strategic planning and scientific - technical support of fisheries as a whole. Therefore, suggestions and conclusions on the application of some Croatian experiences in our country are presented. Key words: fish-farming, SWOT analysis, fish farming products, cage fishing, intensive technology, fish species, fish-farming development, economic development of fisheries.
THE MAIN FACTORS AFFECTING THE EFFICIENCY OF FISH PRODUCTION I.Yunusov - PhD, Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers. U.Sadullaev - PhD researcher, Scientific-research institute of Agricultural Economics
In this article, the main prospects and directions of strategic development of fish-farming in the conditions of economic issues are considered. It is shown that the main ways to improve economic efficiency should be conservation and protection of water resources, improvement of organizational and economic mechanisms of fish-farming development; government support to fisheries as a whole. An important aspect that must be considered when determining the level of factors affecting the efficiency of fishing industry is the correct choice of factors. If we analyze this by region or organization, the same factor may have different effects on the socio-economic efficiency of the industry. Therefore, this article is devoted to determine the influence level and relationships between factors affecting the efficiency of fish-farming. Key words: factors, factor analysis, fish-farming, fish production, socio-economic category, fisheries, ecological fisheries development, economic efficiency of fish-farming.
OPEN AND DISTANCE LEARNING SYSTEMS Z. Ismailova – Professor TIIAME, M. Baybaeva - Associate Professor Institute of Public Education named after Avloni, B. Ergashev - Associate Professor Namangan Engineering and Technology Institute
The purpose of this study was to investigate the pedagogical issues concerning Open and Distance Learning (ODL) systems through a critical review of the relevant published work. The review categorized articles into three categories, namely theoretical approaches, technological approaches and evaluation studies. The review showed that open and distance learning is mainly technology driven. Researchers exploit the technological features of Information and Communication Technologies for the design and development of ODL environments, without paying much attention to and applying theoretical models, pedagogical principles and instructional goals. They rather seem to follow the conventional, general instructional design guidelines concerning stand-alone educational software applications, mostly based on hypermedia systems. The main theoretical approach implied by the majority of the published work is constructivism together with collaborative learning, without referring to or applying social constructivism. Our proposal for effective open and distance learning environments is the exploitation of the tools Information and Communication Technologies offer in a constructivist environment involving specific didactic goals and learning outcomes. Key words: open and distance learning (ODL), technological features, information and communication technologies, design, category, technology, theoretical approach, communication, didactics, learning.
IMPROVING THE COMPETENCE OF FUTURE VOCATIONAL EDUCATION TEACHERS BASED ON MODULAR-RATING EDUCATION Z. Ismailova - professor, R. Fayzullaev - associate professor, D. Asilova - PhD student TIIAME
The article discusses the role of the significance of innovative software and teaching in improvement of the efficiency of learning. And the article discusses ways of correcting the design, value and definition of innovative software and didactic systems of higher education, еvaluation of knowledge of students on the basis of module-rating system, development of model of improvement of students' competence based on module-rating technology of training and definition of pedagogical conditions for its implementation, improvement of the methodological support for implementation of the model of improving competence based on module-rating system, Case-Problem-Method, Case-Incident-Method, based on indicators and criteria for determining the level of development of cognitive competence in future vocational education teachers organization of experimental works. Key words: information and communication technologies, innovative software, pedagogical conditions, methodological support, modular rating system, Case-problem method, Case-incident method, process, technology, innovation, information technology.
THE FORMATION OF STUDENTS’ COGNITIVE INTERESTS IN THE PROFESSION Z. Ismailova - Professor, R.Choriev - Vice-Rector, B. Muqimov - Assistant Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers
This article refers to the identification of students' sustainable cognitive interests in the profession of vocational education. Consequently, the student’s cognitive interest should be directed both to the content of this subject area with its specific professional features, and to the process of acquiring this knowledge, to cognitive activity in which the already acquired teaching methods are operated on, and new and their perfection. In this case, evidence of the research is provided. The findings are presented with serious sighs. Key words: sustainability, education, knowledge, cognitive activity, teachings, skills, activity, interest, academic lyceum, professional college, research, interest, component, motive, profession.
DEVELOPMENT OF A METHOD FOR EVALUATING THE FULL ENERGY CAPACITY OF COTTON FIBER PRODUCTION A.J.Isakov–DSc, Associate professor, B.K.Tukhtamishev–PhD, Associate professor, TIIAME, J.N.Tolipov–Junior Researcher, Scientific-Technical Center JSC “Uzbekenergo”
The article discusses the need to save material and fuel and energy resources, requires a new approach to their accounting, qualitative and quantitative assessment, and, in particular, to their use. The correctness of planning and forecasting the levels of mining, production and distribution of resources, and, as a consequence, the clear functioning of industrial and household consumers, depends on this. The methods for determining the total energy capacity for each of these industries are considered. The results of studies evaluating the total energy capacity of cotton fiber production are presented and they indicate that the results of calculations of the total energy capacity in the ginning industry will depend on the full accounting of the energy costs for processing raw cotton at a plant with a full production cycle or at a plant that produces partial processing. Key words: raw cotton, cotton fiber, the ginning industry, production cycle, fuel and energy resources, energy capacity, energy consumption, electrical energy saving.
ORGANIZATIONAL BASES OF COOPERATION DEVELOPMENT IN THE FIELD OF SALES OF THE FRUIT AND VEGETABLE SUBCOMPLEX OF UZBEKISTAN Sh. Murodov - Senior lecturer at the Department of Economics TIIAME
Agriculture is one of the nation’s economic driver, it acts as vital platform for national development and it impact cut across different sectors of the economy. Uzbek people depend directly or indirectly on agriculture for their livelihood. However, during the oil boom era, Uzbekistan agricultural productivity experienced a downward trend with its attendant consequences of food insecurity and reduction in agricultural sector contribution to national income. There have been different efforts in terms of programme development, policy formulation and implementation by governments at different tiers towards improved agriculture for food security and sustained national development. This article describes modern conditions and problems of agricultural production in Uzbekistan. Discussed more significant problems, which hold development of agricultural cooperation, determined and defined main directions of agricultural development. Carried out comparison analysis between some sorts of enterprises by gross product, types of product and etc. Key words: agricultural cooperation, farming, dehkan (peasant) enterprises, agricultural organization, gross product, agricultural production, sales, processing